The Class of 2022 runs in block 4 and starts on Tuesday April 26, 2021. Lectures and exercises will run online.  See Course description and Absalon for further details.

Carbon budget

Introduction to the Carbon Cycle

Global Carbon Project – monitors emissions and where C goes

Global weather patterns right now


MCC, Germany

CICERO, Norway

Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative

Sustainia storytellers

Sandbag, UK

Climate projections

Special report on 1.5°C: IPCC SR15 (2018)

Climate Action Tracker (see where we are heading with current pledges to the Paris agreement)

Climate Action Tracker Follow each country and their performance relative to ambitions

CO2 emission tracker Find the latest reported global emissions and its main sources

Fourth National Climate Assessment, USA (2018)

Sea level projections – Surging seas

Report from the National Academies US Oct 2018:  Negative Emission Technology potential: BECCS (~5), agricultural soils (~3), forest mgmt (~1.5), afforestation (~1). (units: Gt CO2 per year)

Ambitious climate prediction program

Climate prediction for Denmark – DMI Climate Atlas (in Danish) shows how climate change will affect local areas in Denmark

Make simulations

IAMC max 1.5°C warming explorer (2018) – explore scenarios compatible with max 1.5°C warming by 2100.

En-Roads – MIT tool for climate and economy predictions

Global emissions

IEA: World Energy Outlook

The world’s coal power plants

Global Carbon Atlas

NASA simulation of CO2 emissions year 2006


Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative (C2G2)

UN REDD Programme

Carbon Neutrality Coalition


EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)

Price European Emission Allowance 

Foresight Climate&Energy: Carbon Capture is growing, but struggles with cost. Attention needed.

Social cost

World bank: 143 million climate migrants by 2050


Paris agreement

US CO2 tax  Clean Air Task Force, 45Q tax incentive for CCUS

California’s LCFS program raises C tac to 135-150$/tCO2


State of Green – Your Entry Point to Denmarks Green Transition

Energy plan for Denmark 2030

Energy statistics 2017

CO2 emission statistics in Denmark (in Danish)

News CCS investment in Denmark 2019 (in Danish)

Negative Emission Technologies (NETs)

· Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR)

Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR)

The Virgin Earth Challenge

The XPrize Challenge

How to profit from CDR? Scientific American

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)

IEA’s status on CCS May 22, 2019: Capture from flue gas is efficient and now at a price of only 45 $/tCO2!

Global CCS institute report 2018: “The world’s 18 large-scale facilities are already capturing almost 40 Mt/y of CO2, and a total of over 230 Mt of CO2 has been safely injected underground to date”World map of CCS facilities

CCS on coal at Boundary Dam Power Plant in Saskatchewan, Canada established in 2014 for 1.5 G$, fixing 90% of the CO2 from the flue gas at a rate of >0.5 Mt CO2 per year. More info about real world experience here. PetraNova, Texas, USA captures 33% of all CO2 emitted from coal combustion. Price ~1 b$ in 2017.

European Network for Geological CO2 storage – CO2GeoNet

International Energy Agency 2016 report: 20 years of CCS

CCS in Norway: Norwegian Petroleum Dictorate

Carbon Capture Cluster Copenhagen (C4) is a consortium aiming to reduce Danish emissions by up to -3 MtCO2/yr

CCS from cement factories: CEMCAP – OxyFuel pilot project

CO2-dissolved (France) targeted CCS for <150 kpta CO2-emitters 

Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS)

DRAX: Pilot BECCS initiative in the UK

The world’s first 1Mt/y BECCS plant: ADM, Illinois, USA

Biorecro plan BECCS facilities in Kansas and North Dakota

STAX engineering efficiently removed CO2, SO2, particles from flue gas.

Direct Air Capture (DAC)

Mechanical trees by Silicon Kingdom Holdings & Klaus Lackner. Video

Climeworks, Founder Jan Wurzbacher popular talk

Carbon Engineering, CEO Steve Oldham TED-X talk

Global Thermostat





Carbon to Value (C2V) and Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS)

Fertiliser feedstock (SABIC in Saudi Arabia)

Soda ash (Carbon Clean Solutions in India)

Foams used in mattresses and upholstered furniture (Cavestro in Germany)

Bricks and cement (Australia’s Mineral Carbonation International)


BlackCarbon (Denmark) and Full Circle Biochar (USA)

Geoengineering research initiatives

Ice911 – restoring sea ice by reflective sand

· Solar Radiation Management (SRM)

Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GMIP)

SCoPEx project – a test of stratospheric aerosol injections

Personal CO2 compensation 

Chooose (Norway) final support for carbon credits

ClimeWorks turns atmospheric CO2 directly into rock (by DACCS)

CarbonFund (US) – support Energy efficiency, Forestry and Renewable Energy

Atmosfair (German)– supports sustainable energy

Ren Sti (Danish)

SAS (Scandinavian Airlines) CO2 compensate StarAlliance Members through Natural Partners who spend the money on protecting forests and plant new forests in South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, USA, and the UK.



Helpful guides

Conversions of units

Greenhouse gas equivalents calculator


C2G2 Guide to Geoengingineering terminology

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